Integrated Enga-Mound & Hugelkulture
In the South Pacific and throughout the many tropical regions rain is a valuable and somewhat unpredictable resource. We must conserve water. We must also build our soil as the degradation of the soil occurs more rapidly than elsewhere in the world and we are building upon rock.Integrating these two methods, along with KNF soil-building, will allow us the ability to increase our yield while decreasing our water demands.
Both the Enga Mounds of Papua New Guinea and Hugelkulture concepts, utilize the long term breakdown of organic material at the base. They are long term methods and, if built correctly, will continue to grow richer as the years go on, as well as being long-term soil solutions. However, by integrating KNF along with these two methods we can grow in the short-term while building for the long-term.
These beds also utilize the method of mounding. This allows for the growing of plants such as taro which traditionally are almost impossible to get out of the ground due to large taproots.
They will be harvested with less effort as the soil around them is not as compacted thus allowing local farmers better access to the crops they often depend on for income and self-sufficiency.
Kona, Hawaii is the dry side of the island. We want to not only develop better methods for growing staple crops such as sweet potatoes and taro, but we must also develop better water conservation methods, expedite the soil building process and slow the rate of soil deterioration. Our soil must grow richer without becoming degraded.